In this post, we will address the theme of human evolution from a biological/cultural point of view. The Horn of Africa is a region with a unique identity and vibrant history. By Tim Lambert. The Great Berber Kingdom of Numidia in the Shadow of Rome, Enigmatic Carvings on Underwater Ruins in China Mystify Investigators, Ancient Lutetia: The Roman Roots of Paris. The name Africa was given to this continent by the ancient Romans and Greeks. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. Some people who lived the other side of river Indus (Sindhu) called the people on the other side Hindu and gradually hinduism was coined. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Ancient Middle East, history of the region from prehistoric times to the rise of civilizations in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and other areas.. Evolution of Middle Eastern civilizations. At the same time, a group of people called the Susu broke free of Ghana. Compared with the history of Egypt, historians know little about the history of Libya, as there are few surviving written records.Information on ancient Libya comes from archaeological evidence and historic sources written by Egypt's neighbors, the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines, and from Arabs of Medieval times.. Many experts believe that the name actually came from two Phoenician words. What is the Longest Country Name in the World? Originally, the Romans supposedly called the continent Afri-terra, which was later transformed into Africa. It is so large, in fact, that it was said to have been wielded by a giant. They had iron tools and weapons. Who Destroyed the Great Library of Alexandria? During the Old Kingdom of Egypt(c. 2613-2181 BCE) there was no official police force. ), this impressive sword is shrouded in mystery. He is widely recognized as participating in a military revolution of sorts with regards to weapons and tactics used by Zulu warriors, particularly their effective use of special spears and shields during combat. According to experts that research the history of the African continent, the original ancient name of Africa was Alkebulan. Africa, in ancient Roman history, the first North African territory of Rome, at times roughly corresponding to modern Tunisia. Africa is not the original name of the continent, and in this article, we will try to discover how the continent got the name we know today, and what the original name was. They established empires and built colossal monuments. Moreover, Blacks in Egypt called their Pharaohs “En-ger” or “N-g-r” he was literally referred to as “THE GOD.” African Romans would not be uncommon in cities, there are also records and skeletons of black Romans in Britain. According to many sources, the name of that tribe was Afri. The ancient Egyptians had an undeniable and powerful connection to nature and the world around them. Their fascinating histories and impressive artifacts open intriguing glimpses to times past, and open up a window on African history. Science is constantly discovering new archaeological places and uncovering more evidence into what we once thought we knew about our history, therefore offering new pieces to the ever changing puzzle of humanity’s past and altering how we interpret it. Several other theories aim to discover how the continent of Africa got its name. A HISTORY OF ANCIENT SPAIN. The Iberians gave the Phoenicians silver in return for wine and olive oil as well as jewelry. This answer by Quora User, was from another Question similar to this. Health problems may occur for the unborn child of a mother with Rh-Negative blood when the baby is Rh-Positive. The human being developed abilities and knowledge with … Fufu would be rolled into a ball and then dipped into soup for flavor. Her mysterious life and... On August 21, 1986, in northwestern Cameroon , a massive froth shot up into the sky from the waters of Lake Nyos, followed by a thick ghostly fog which covered the surrounding landscape. Ancient places can be found all over Africa. sanatana Dharma is the Name that is mentioned in Scriptures. There are also instances, however, where people are Rh-Negative. The city, which is situated on the west bank of the Nile , is world famous for its temple, which was built during the... Taposiris Magna was just another archaeological site in Egypt until a rumor arose that the tomb of the famous Queen Cleopatra and her lover Mark Antony may be there. It is not a Religion but way of Living.That is the difference.. The lost city of Petra - named as one of the new 7 Wonders... Chefchaouen (also known as Chaouen), Morocco's Blue Pearl city, is renowned for its old, traditional blue rinsed structures, casting the city in a luminescent colored hue. Beneath the sun scorched sands of the Giza Necropolis sleeps the enchanted ruins of ancient Egyptian civilization. Numerous cultures, nations, and civilizations fell in their wake. about Egypt’s Buried & Layer Pyramids: Unsolved Homicide & Hidden Heritage, about Egyptian Hippos: Ancient Symbol of Protection, Rebirth And Hunting, about The Nile: How One River Helped Build a Civilization – 10 Amazing Facts, about Sobekneferu’s Legacy: The Sacred Places of Egypt’s First Female Pharaoh, about Lake Nyos Tragedy: A Deadly Demonic Fog in Cameroon, about Abyssinia and the Ethiopian Empire: The Ancient History of a Struggling Nation, about Petra, Jordan: Gorgeous Rose-Red City and Wonder of the World, about Chefchaouen: Morocco's Blue Pearl City, about Decrypting the Temple of Edfu and the Edfu Texts, about ‘Sensational’ Find is NOT Cleopatra’s Tomb, But May Be a Clue, about Predynastic Egypt: Life Before the Pyramids, about Ancient Egyptian Wars – Navigating the Millennia of Bloodshed, Mysterious Artifacts Found in Ancient Inca Cemetery in Ecuador, Scotland's Beheaded Queen, Mary Stuart, Made Immortal by Irish Digital Artist, Anglo-Saxon Settlement And Cemetery Complex Excavated In England, The Mysterious Disappearance of Nefertiti, Ruler of the Nile. So how exactly did the continent get the name “Africa”? In Ancient Rome people of African, though not necessarily Sub-Saharan, ancestry appeared throughout the empire. about Has the Function of the Great Pyramid of Giza Finally Come to Light? Interesting Facts about the Empire of Ancient Ghana. From about 900 BC a seafaring people called the Phoenicians who came from what is now Lebanon traded with what is now Spain. Alkebulan is an extremely old word, and its origins are indigenous. Ancient wagons in the Bible journeyed from these regions to the mainland of Africa on foot (Gen 46:5-7). We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. (A frequent usage refers to the non-Phoenician and non-Roman inhabitants of classical times, and their language, as Berber. The Romans called black people " Aethiopes." Did the ancient Egyptians inherit this massive stone building... About 150 years after the establishment of Egyptology as an academic field, there still appears to be no agreement between scholars on the function of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Later, this could have become contracted to form the single word "Africa." Many experts believe that the name actually came from two Phoenician words. Discuss the cultures of Ancient Africa. about Could the Directions of Pyramids and Sphinx Hint at Hidden Chambers? In 2016 the World Wide Web was all abuzz with Google Earth images of Antarctica that appear to show pyramids in the icy landscape. Below, find a few examples of the recognition given to Africa in the ancient times: Since Neolithic times, the climate of North Africa has become drier. What is Ancient Civilization? Norimitsu Odachi: Who Could Have Possibly Wielded This Enormous 15th Century Japanese Sword? Over time, the continent became increasingly diverse in culture, politics, and religion. Rh-Negative Blood: An Exotic Bloodline or Random Mutation? Although generalizing the weather of an entire continent is not that easy, the people that ''found'' Africa have probably only seen a small part of it before giving it a name. In ancient times, Blacks were worshipped as Gods. Yams were used in West Africa to make a staple food called "fufu." Shaka Zulu is without any doubt the most recognizable native born kind from South Africa. Ancient warfare is war that was conducted from the beginning of recorded history to the end of the ancient period. The Real Story of the ‘Bearded God’ Named Quetzalcoatl, The ‘Dynastic Race’ and the Biblical ‘Japheth’ – Part I: After the Deluge, Hyperborea: Mythical Land That Fascinated Writers of the Ancient World, Craniums and Controversies of the Chachapoya Cloud Warriors, The Sumerian King List still puzzles historians after more than a century of research. They called this land after a Berber tribe that was living in the Carthage area at the time. It's All Greek to the Egyptians In The Odyssey, Homer used “Aegyptus” to refer to the land of Egypt, meaning it was in use by the eighth century B.C. In the case of Africa, if there are no consistent economic interpretations of new archaeological discoveries to update our knowledge of the past, our mere theorizing will not do justice to the true economic foundations of the continent and its people. Cross-gender homosexuality not tied to possession cults has been reported in a number of East African societies. Still, Africa is the second-largest and most populated continent, right after Asia. The worship of the Black Madonna is connected with the worship of Isis, the Egyptian Goddes. Children were often considered adults at around the age of 12. Most people who have the Rh blood type are Rh-positive. They minted coins. They are the earliest people to have left clear traces of their presence in the territory of modern Cameroon. Messiah on Temple Mount: Are We Nearing the End of Time? The Norimitsu Odachi is a huge sword from Japan. In the histories of great ancient empires there was one thing that was always a certainty: war. What’s The Aurora Borealis And Where Can You See It? Sao artifacts show that t… This name translates to “mother of mankind,” or according to other sources, “the garden of Eden.” Alkebulan is an extremely old word, and its origins are indigenous. 3 Problems to Remember When Trying to Find Atlantis, Mound to Mountain: The Long Road to the Great Pyramid. At least by the standards of the ancient world, they were civilized. The Nile River spans almost 4,175 miles (6,719 km), crosses nine countries throughout Africa, and is widely regarded as the longest river in the world. Situated high in the Rif... Edfu city is located between Luxor and Aswan in the southern area of Egypt. Before the Second World War the whole region now called Middle-East was known as North-Eastern Africa. Ancient Origins articles related to Africa in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. Initially, the province comprised the territory that had been subject to Was it built by simple Egyptian farmers with mud ramps, or aliens, or a lost society from the last Ice Age? Close to the Arabian Peninsula, it always stood out from the rest of the African continent. The Giza Sphinx faces east, while the pyramids’ sides are aligned precisely in the cardinal directions. Ancient Origins © 2013 - 2021Disclaimer - Terms of Publication - Privacy Policy & Cookies - Advertising Policy - Submissions - We Give Back - Contact us. Called ashtime, these (biological) males dressed like women, performed female tasks, cared for their own houses, and apparently had sexual relations with men,” according to Donald Donham (1990). Ancient Anomalous Human Skeletons: Humanity Could be Much Older Than We Think, The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts, The Faravahar: The Ancient Zoroastrian Symbol of Iran, Return of the Ancient Gods: The Resurgence of Paganism, Petroglyphic Features of Portable Rock Art, The Northern Mysteries Current: Futhark and Mystery Schools of the Viking Age, Floki and the Viking Discovery of Iceland. The donkeys also were domesticated independently in the Ethiopian and Somalian region, but the majority of the domesticated animals came there from the regions around Sahel and the Nile. The origins of African art exist long before recorded history, beginning with the evolution of the human species. A continent this big holds many secrets about its people and the origins of its culture. Visiting such historical places in Africa can be an unforgettable experience. Their fascinating histories and impressive artifacts open intriguing glimpses to times past, and open up a window on African history. ; In the Modern Era, Western Europeans colonized all parts of the continent, culminating in the Scramble for Africa in the late 19th century. This ancient Nubian empire reached its peak in the second millennium B.C., when it ruled over a vast swath of territory along the Nile River in what is now Sudan. These words were “friqi” and “pharika,” which would translate corn and fruit, respectively. The history of Ancient Egypt spans several millennia and is filled with wonders and achievements which are veiled in mystery and the enigmatic secrets of distant times. What's your favourite Fairy Tales (and their possible origins), about The Great Berber Kingdom of Numidia in the Shadow of Rome, about Mound to Mountain: The Long Road to the Great Pyramid. Apart from the basic knowledge of it having been forged in the 15th century AD, measuring 3.77 meters (12.37 ft.) in length, and weighing as much as 14.5 kg (31.97 lbs. The monarchs of the period had personal guards to protect them and hired others to watch over their tombs and monuments. 150,000-Year-Old Pipes Baffle Scientists in China: Out of Place in Time? The Phoenicians inhabited cities along the coast of the Mediterranean, and it is quite possible that they managed to discover Africa. There were great African civilizations, they just don't enjoy the same levels of cultural awareness as other civilizations do. Has the Function of the Great Pyramid of Giza Finally Come to Light? Other theories about the name of the continent also deal with its climate. It is thought that the Romans called the region Afri-terra, meaning "the land of the Afri." Today, the Horn of Africa is... Petra, Jordan is one of the world's most famous archaeological sites, where ancient Eastern traditions blend with Hellenistic architecture. World Population By Percentage of Blood Types, According to experts that research the history of the African continent, the original ancient name of Africa was Alkebulan. They founded a chain of trading settlements along the coast on islands and peninsulas. In part one , we saw how Egypt’s first female pharaoh Sobekneferu (also written Neferusobek) has emerged as a major character both in literary fiction and in the cinema. In Europe and the Near East, the end of antiquity is often equated with the Fall of Rome in 476 AD, the wars of the Eastern Roman Empire on its Southwestern Asian and North African borders, and the beginnings of the Muslim conquests in the 7th century. The Sao civilization flourished from about the sixth century BC to as late as the 16th century AD in Central Africa. Centuries of blossoming was... Who built the Great Pyramid? Settlement of Iceland: Viking Hrafna-Flóki’s Real Journey. Learning Objectives . The continent of Africa is as mysterious as it is beautiful. This section will present ancient African history articles, highlighting the most interesting archaeological sites all over Africa, as well as new discoveries of ancient places that are worth paying a visit. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Africa is the second-largest and most populated continent. This name translates to “mother of mankind,” or “the garden of Eden.”. Key Takeaways Key Points. Before Roman involvement, North Africa was basically divided into the regions of Egypt, Libya, Numidia and Mauretania. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained. Whatever that may be, it is not hard to imagine why the weather could play a major factor in the name chosen for this continent. Libya, Ethiopia and Africa are all local names that at one time applied to the entire continent. These words were “friqi” and “pharika,” which would translate corn and fruit, respectively. Victorian sources suggested "Aegyptus" a corruption of Hwt-ka-Ptah (Ha-ka-Ptah), “home of the soul of Ptah.” There are several theories that try to answer this question. Today, several ethnic groups of northern Cameroon and southern Chad - but particularly the Sara people- claim descent from the civilization of the Sao. Over the next few hundred years, Ghana weakened until it eventually became part of the Mali Empire. We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives. Another word that is often mentioned is the Roman word “aprica,” which translates into sunny. In ancient times, people from Southern Europe and Western Asia colonized North Africa, while people from Southeast Asia colonized Madagascar. ; In the Middle Ages, North and East Africa was further colonized by people from Western Asia. Ancient African Civilizations: East. This process allowed man to break from his direct dependence on nature. At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. It was acquired in 146 bc after the destruction of Carthage at the end of the Third Punic War. Around the year 3000 BC, agriculture arose independently in Ethiopia with crops like coffee, teff, finger millet, sorghum, barley, and ensete. 5 Things You Should Know About: South America, 5 Things You Should Know About: North America. Ancient Pyramids in an Icy Landscape: Was There an Ancient Civilization in Antarctica? The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe. The Empire of Ancient Ghana is not related either geographically or culturally to the modern African country of Ghana. According to experts that research the history of the African continent, the original ancient name of Africa was Alkebulan. This stereotype couldn’t be more inaccurate. The images show what appears to be three pyramids with four sides... A new study suggests that Europe has been ‘global’ for over a millennium. Nobles followed this paradigm and hired trustworthy Egyptians from respectable backgrounds to guard their valuables or themselves. To understand human behavior, economics often depends on history, and history is sometimes a product of archaeology. The most common answer to the question, “Why was Africa called the Dark Continent?” is that Europe did not know much about Africa until the 19 th century, but that answer is misleading. What Is The Biggest State In The United States? They had cities. Many people believe that the name Africa derived from the Greek word “aphrikē,” which denotes a land that is free from the cold weather. 5 Things You Should Know About: Central America. As a result, Europeans have often called North Africa the Barbary States or simply Barbary. Early Medieval Europe – Dark Age Death Practices Spread Quickly, Christ Inscription Unearthed in Israeli Village, The Route to Secular Art through the Kwakiutl Hamatsa Dance, WWI British Spy Used Ancient Roman Lookout Island. Definition by Mark Cartwright Kush was an African superpower and its influence extended to what is now called the Middle East. The richness of the cultures of people living there is still not entirely understandable to people coming from other parts of the world. Though often overshadowed by its Egyptian neighbors to the north, the Kingdom of Kush stood as a regional power in Africa for over a thousand years. The high antiquity of civilization in the Middle East is largely due to the existence of convenient land bridges and easy sea lanes passable in summer or winter, in dry or wet seasons. According to this theory, the Phoenicians called Africa the land of corn and fruit, which actually makes sense. Ancient places can be found all over Africa. The Sao lived by the Chari River south of Lake Chad in territory that later became part of present-day Cameroon and Chad. The Swahili Coast, located along the shores of East Africa, was a region where, from the 8th century CE, Africans and Arabs mixed to create a unique identity, often referred to as Swahili Culture. This name translates to “mother of mankind,” or according to other sources, “the garden of Eden.” Alkebulan is an extremely old word, and its origins are indigenous. One of those is in the name of the continent itself. Ancient toponyms. The evidence for this claim comes from a set of shared cultural practices spread over a wide area in early Medieval Europe. Many nations in Africa used this word, including the Ethiopians, Nubians, Moors, and Numidians. The kingdom lasted for many hundreds of years and … Berber tribes populated Ancient Libya, while Egypt, after thousands of years of dynastic rule, was conquered by the Persians and later the Greeks, who defeated the Persians under Alexander the Great, only to form the Ptolemaic dynasty — the final pharaohs of Egypt. Throughout history, many nations tried conquering and colonizing African countries. 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